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NORA Oilheat Technicians Manual

Chapter 2 Heating Oil and Its Properties Chapter 2—Heating Oil and Its Properties 2-3 Introduction to petroleum Petroleum Fuels Our Modern Life Style More than six thousand products are made from petroleum. It is almost impossible to get through a day without using dozens of petroleum products. Oilheat is reliable Oilheat has a remarkable reliability record. Despite wars, embargoes, political unrest, and natural disasters, oilheat keeps its customers warm. This reliability is partly due to the variety of places where crude oil is found, the resourcefulness of everyone from the refiners to the local oil dealer, the flexibility of the delivery system, and the stability and safety inherent in heating oil. Refining oil Heating Oil is a fossil fuel, as are natural gas, propane, and coal. They are called fossil fuels because they are all made from the prehistoric plants and animals that form fossils. Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbon molecules are the building blocks of life. Everything that is or was ever alive is made of molecules composed of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Carbon is normally a solid, which, if not totally burned, becomes smoke and soot. Bonded together, hydrocarbons can be a gas like propane, a liquid like heating oil or a solid like candle wax. The hydrocarbon gases contain more hydrogen; the liquids and solids contain more carbon. Some Petroleum Products Gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel fuel, heating oil, propane, butane, lubricating oils, greases, waxes, asphalt, nylon, plastics, fertilizers, washing, cleaning and polishing products, medicines and drugs, photographic film, pesticides, waxed paper, food preservatives, food flavorings, beauty products, Plexiglas®, vinyl, audio and video tape, synthetic rubber, synthetic fibers, textiles, explosives, solvents, wax for candles, candy, matches, and polishes, toiletries, crayons, roofing materials, floor coverings, carbon fiber, paints, lacquers, printing inks, DVDs and CDs. Five percent of our electricity generated is oil powered. Chapter 2 Heating Oil


NORA Oilheat Technicians Manual
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